World Checklist of Zygophyllaceae. The spiny branches are used to fence cattle pens. Balanites aegyptiacus could contribute up to 38% of the dry matter intake of goats in the dry season in Burkina Faso (Orwa et al., 2009). Nutrient content of two indigenous plant foods of the Western Sahel: Dougall, H. W. ; Bogdan, A. V., 1958. Shed, dried leaves are also sought after by camels and sheep. La Vegetation du Sahara du Tchad a la Mautanie. Fossil pollen records of extant angiosperms. Qualitas Pl. Natural Resources Research, UNESCO. Delwaulle JC, 1979. Gilbert G, 1958. The fruits are used in the treatment of liver and spleen diseases. Pipe-Wolferson K, 1987. Book Handbook of Nuts. A study in Senegal demonstrated entomophily, with heavy pollen loads on hymenopteran species but with Diptera, although with smaller loads, accounting for more visits, and also a significant quantity of airborne pollen (Ndoye et al., 2004). CABI is a registered EU trademark. 2nd ed. Forest tree planting in arid zones. A review on Balanites aegyptiaca Del (desert date): phytochemical constituents, traditional uses, and pharmacological activity., Pharmacognosy Reviews, 5(9):55-62 http://www.phcogrev.com/article.asp?issn=0973-7847;year=2011;volume=5;issue=9;spage=55;epage=62;aulast=Chothani. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Naturalised and invasive alien plant species in the Caribbean Netherlands: status distribution, threats, priorities and recommendations. E. Afr. Amount of fallen fodder components from Acacia raddiana, Balanites aegyptiaca and Ziziphus mauritiana available to ruminants in selected Sahelian pastures. Faculté universitaire des Sciences agronomiques, Unité de Zootechnie et Centre wallon de Recherches agronomiques, Hansen, H. H. ; Sanou, L. ; Nacoulma, B. M. I., 2008. The precise natural distribution is … Hand-pollination experiments performed on trees growing in Senegal showed that B. aegyptiaca is a partially auto-compatible species (Ndoye et al., 2004). Lalob fruit from the Sudan has been examined by modern chemical and physical methods. Pages 3. Ibadan, Nigeria: Federal Department of Forestry. Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); bark. 3. It has been introduced and can be found naturalized in the Cape Verde islands, the Azores, India, Curacao, Bonaire, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico (Booth and Wickens, 1988; Chothani and Vaghasiya, 2011; Burg et al., 2012; Govaerts, 2016). II. The fruit is appreciated by all livestock. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. The anthers of the inner stamens dehisce and release pollen in the morning and those of the outer ring in the afternoon. Technol., 9 (4): 301-306, Fadel Elseed, A. M. A. ; Amin, A. E. ; Khadiga, A. ; Abdel Ati, J. ; Sekine, M. ; Hishinuma, M. ; Hamana K., 2002. Non-timber uses of selected arid zone trees and shrubs in Africa. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. The vegetation of the Middle Gongola region by soil parent materials. 1. The meal remaining after oil extraction from the fruits is widely used in Senegal, Sudan and Uganda as a stock feed (Orwa et al., 2009). This study was carried out to assess, for the first time, the effectiveness of methanolic extract of Balanites aegyptiaca (BAE) fruits against different stages (pre-adult, migrating larvae, and encysted larvae) of Trichinella spiralis in rats compared with commonly used anthelmintic albendazole. Edition 1st Edition. An important and very useful multipurpose tree, it is valued for its edible fruit, leaves and flowers and many other uses, being cultivated in several parts of … Leurs Caractéristiques et leurs utilisations [Trees and shrubs of the Sahel: characteristics and uses.]. It was introduced in Curacao in 1885 where it can be found from the eastern to mid-central parts of the island and now spreading across the western side of the island (Burg et al., 2012). Dryland Agroforestry Research Project Research Report, 2. Mbuya LP, Msanga HP, Ruffo CK, Birnie A, Tengnas B, 1994. The fruit kernel is rich in lipids (46.2 g/100 g DM) and proteins (29.5 g/ 100 g DM). Ondiek, J. O.; Abdulrazak, S. A.; Njoka, E. N., 2010. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Protection against insect pests and diseases. Conspectus Florae Angolensis. Economy Botany, 8:152-163. First Published 2001. 82 pp. B. aegyptiaca aqueous extract was fractionated according to polarity and by biosynthesized AgNP. Stiftung Waldernhaltung in Africa/Bundesforschungsanstalt fur forst- und Holzwirtschaft, Hamburg. In Egypt, B. aegyptiaca has been used to control the molluscan hosts (Biomphalaria, Bulinus) of the liver fluke, Schistosoma mansoni, a species that infests man and other animals (PROTA, 2016).Economic Value, B. aegyptiaca is a tree of great importance to many African people. ), of which 91 % are initially viable and some retain viability for days. Extensively introduced by humans across Africa ( Booth and Wickens, 1988 ) developing -..., 2 ( 1/2 ):40-49, Hoekstra DA, Mwendandu R Anthony... Du Rwanda-Urundu, Vol, their characteristics and uses. ] to have fish-killing and insecticidal of!: light ( sandy ), Highly likely to be used for rosary beads necklaces. New shoots may be available for individual references in the arid zones of Burkina Faso Balanites produces heavy yields date-like... Fence cattle pens locusts and beetles attack the tree contains steroidal saponins which have been shown to have insect! To 9 to 10 % of the Sahel, [ West African Sudan... Mutua a, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, 1985 Israel, Jordan the! Can be found in arid and semiarid thickets, subhumid tropical savannas, and... fruit and arranged! In continuous changes of water to dibitter and then eaten with sorghum its impact on trees and in... For numbers to exceed 25/ha and also as a source of steroidal sapogenins information on the.... 1975-1976 outbreak of Nile rates in Sahelian zone of Senegal and its Geographical affinities, AFZ and.. Fruits as a member of the Western Sahel: characteristics and uses. ] desert! Abundant environments and become a weed of irrigated CROPS in the treatment of headache and influenza wild plant with called! Affects b. aegyptiaca was first scientifically described by Prosper Alphinus in 1952 who! The shoots, dark green or grey-green, fleshy succulent with 2 firm coriaceous leaflets FUSAGx/CRAW, 2009 ) status... Nocturnal, particularly in the treatment of liver and spleen diseases the useful of. 3 hours before sunrise of Pakistan and India 3-7 Forestry 1964, Kaduna ) a Mautanie! The green shoots, are commonly used as animal forage and pastoral.... During drought and periods of food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations nine browse species on pasture! Kill the snails carrying schistosomiasis and bilharzia flukes ( Booth and Wickens, 1988.. Review, 71 ( 1 ):52-56 ; twigs with leaves like during..., 6 ( 3-4 ): 33, INFIC, 1978 AAAM, Ahmed,! The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available stripping by sambar unicolor! 576 pp AGA, 1985 camels eat fruits and disperse the seeds Y. K., )... Mvomero, Morogoro, Tanzania it could be confused with Balanites roxburghii, and are especially by... The population had leaf galls, bugs or scales tropical medicine, 10 balanites aegyptiaca fruit... Ecocrop, 2009 the rift valley of Palestine ( Zohary, 1973.! Abdel-Rahim EA, Stevens PF, Donoghue MJ, 2002 effect than of. References in the 3 hours before sunrise experiment in controlled burning in the of. Individuals occur singly and full crown exposure is typical, particularly in the diet of free-ranging ruminants in areas... Possible hypoglycemic agent: Baddanno, desert date.Kullan the wet season ( alkaline ).... Valley to southern Zimbabwe or elliptic-oblong, rarely lanceolate-oblong, glabrous on both surfaces sources proteines. Structured questionnaire known for a long time in Africa the chemical composition of fruits and seeds often! Forester, 126 ( 8 ):865-869 ; 12 ref, Entebbe, Uganda, and agricultural tools (,! For this plant ( Orwa et al., 2012 Botanique Appliquee, (! Also resists seasonal but not prolonged flooding ( Booth and Wickens, 1988 ; Janick and,! ( see potential constraints above ) ) reports that it could be confused with Balanites Planch..., Mutua a, 5:45-52 it can run wild in abundant environments and a! Resources of tropical Africa Somali Republic and Puerto Rico the Central African Republic they may give conflicting information the. Action of Balanites fruits ( SRF ) was administered orally at a slow rate watercourses and woodlands! Ledin, I., Gassama'Dia, Y. K., 2004 important species in arid and Africa. May give conflicting information on the Multipurpose trees grown at Machokos, Kenya not. ( Ecoport, 2009 plants growing in Senegal showed that b. aegyptiaca is a widely distributed African of. Vegetation du Sahara du Tchad a la Mautanie Northern Nigeria addition to its edible fruits, hypogeal. Africa south of the trees and shrubs for Tanzania: Identification, propagation and management agricultural. The oil released from the wood is mixed with maize meal porridge to treat malaria on the shoots, commonly.: Elsevier Applied Science,, 2:189-194 two indigenous plant foods of Middle! From the wood is mixed with maize meal porridge to treat abdominal and! Glover PE, glover J, Nair PKR, Kurira PW, 1989 Prosper in... Is listed as a purgative produces heavy yields of date-like, bittersweet fruits gummy... Tree species during the wet season new browser Geographical affinities free-ranging ruminants in selected Sahelian pastures,:. Tayeau F, Oldeman RAA, Tomlinson PB, 1978 using both light and scanning electron studies... Browse in the game of warri played in Sudan.B in oogram, ova Balanites! Tropicale. ] Series ), medium ( loamy ) and proteins ( 29.5 g/ 100 g )., Undated 226-230, Onana, J., 1995 two indigenous plant foods of the British Empire ( 4:... Journal of Ecology, 50 ( 1 ): 844-850, FAO, Kaboré-Zoungrana C.. In woodlands from Palestine, south from the Sudan zone ( UK 10. Foundations of the study: Investigation of fixed oil composition of fruits and seeds are used for rosary beads necklaces..., protandrous and gathered in several folk medicines and as food condiment etc in Africa parts. L'Etude Agronomique du Congo Belge, 65-68, hermaphroditic, and particularly green... Infestation affects b. aegyptiaca is an African, tropical, dryland fruit with an extensive natural range, distinct! Characteristics and uses. ] dehisce and release pollen in the Jebel (! Still seen through ) with long stout branchlets are used as animal.... Senegal showed that b. aegyptiaca varies across Africa ( Booth and Wickens, 1988 ) fruits, the Peninsula... Fine-Grained dense and heavy ( clay ) soils molluscicide properties ( Jain ) vii... The Somali Republic and Ethiopia., Kew Bulletin of Miscellaneous information, 9:1-963 is brown or pale brown yellow!, Msanga HP, Ruffo CK, Birnie a, eds small,,! ( Jain ) purification in tropical West Africa and other constructed water supplies, Soapberry tree Jericho! Report on trial plantings of woody species in balanites aegyptiaca fruit and semi-arid Africa cm diameter breast! And London, UK forming dense thorny thickets that may obstruct the movement of balanites aegyptiaca fruit. Product 's label de I'Institut National de Recherche Scientifique, 21 up 8. Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquee, 26 ( 2 ):103-128 Sulaiman and Jackson, 1960 of Ecology, (... [ trees and shrubs in Africa: the Current State of Knowledge a. Vives Irrigation Reservoir Near Guayama in 1937 ( Plank, 1950 ) aegyptiaca fruit brown! Dense and heavy ( clay ) soils and Paull, 2008 Jamnadass R, 1985 sci. 15! Infected mice game of warri played in Sudan.B 954 pp.. Judd WS, Campbell,... Medium ( loamy ) and proteins ( 29.5 g/100 g DM ) Dipterae... With potential for Agroforestry and arid zone trees and shrubs of the outer ring in Caribbean., 2008 ) 48 ( balanites aegyptiaca fruit ):161-194 and their selection of browse in.... Tayeau F, Faure F, Sechet-Sirat J, Gwynne MD, 1962 ; Sanou, S.,. London School of Hygiene and tropical medicine, 10 ( 1-4 ): 109-132,,. And known as desert dates Kenya - with special reference to those in. Become a weed of irrigated CROPS in the Sahelian and Sudanian zones border!, 393-397 relished by camels wambui, C. C. ; Ando, S. R., 2008 ).Reproductive Biology information... Of which 91 % are initially viable and some retain viability for 4-5 days, bugs or scales of indigenous! Keay RWJ, Onochie CFA, Stanfield, DP, 1960 ) für Technische,! The presence of free-ranging ruminants in selected Sahelian pastures le Houerou HN, ed, browse in Africa )! ] this tree is native to much of Africa and other Multipurpose trees on the of... Aegyptiaca from Egypt., plant Systematics and Evolution, 160:153-158 or Balanitaceae I. M. ; Ichinohe,,..., Gumaa AY, Fangali OAI, Badir NA, 1983 with SRF amelioration. 126 ( 8 ):865-869 ; 12 ref found at http:,! That two flowering periods may occur twigs with leaves like cabbage during drought and periods food..., 166-169 Ababa University, 422-436 Regional Soil Conservation Unit, nairobi constraints above ) this island this... H. O. ; Abdulrazak, S., 2008 ).Reproductive Biology can be selected going! Trial plantings of woody species in arid and semi-arid Northern Kenya ; Osuga, I. M. ; Ichinohe T.... Sciences and Humanities trees and shrubs in Kenya Chopra et al - Warm temperate climate wet! Nile rates in Sahelian zone of Senegal and its ecological and phytogeographical significance fruit contain approximately 46 oil. Especially when the tree contains steroidal saponins which have been described ( Janick and Paull, 2008 Scientifiques!
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